Teenage pregnancy can lead to problems that are related to personal growth and development, health, education, economy, social security, state and national power or stability, as well as communal and cultural harmony, especially in cases wherein no counteract has taken place to prevent unintended pregnancy among teenagers. According to the research paper published by Child Trends, Inc. and written by Cassandra Logan et al.
The Consequences of Unintended Childbearing, it is being said that “teen mothers are more likely than other young women their age to drop out of school, live in poverty and rely on public assistance, and their children tend to grow up in economically and educationally disadvantaged households” (p. 1). From here, it is evident that, as a whole, problems related to close relationship like teenage pregnancy has the tendency to bring national disaster, especially to the succeeding generations.
Thus, it is crucial for these types of problems to be solved as early and as effectively as possible, since research show that unintended births usually lead to health risks like poor physical and mental health, poor developmental and educational outcomes, poor mother-child relationships, and poor psychological well being on the side of the parents among others (Logan et al. , 2007, p. 1). Thus, problems in teenage pregnancy should be solved as early and effectively as possible. Problem An important problem that involves close relationships in some significant way is the problem in teenage pregnancy.
This problem is evidently significant because it has the power to negatively affect personal growth and development, health, education, economy, social security, state and national power or stability, as well as communal and cultural harmony. This affects, not just the parents or the families of the parents, but more so the community and society as a whole, when reflected how cases associated to unintended births lead to social problems that affect the national stability of the country.
However, what is more devastating is the fact that problems of the present have the capacity to extend to other problems of the future. They have the tendency to have a ripple effect on the society, which leads one to assume that problems of the present have to be solved as early and effectively as possible. Something huge would have to be done to counteract the burgeoning of numbers.
Based on the paper written by Saul Hoffman (2006) entitled “By the Numbers: The Public Costs of Teen Childbearing,” it has been said that between the years 1991 and 2004, there were a total of 6. 78 million births associated with pregnant teenagers in the United States of America (p. 2). Because this specific amount yields to approximately $161 billion of cumulative public costs (Hoffman, 2006, p. 2), then it is unreasonable to say that the only people involved in this type of problem are the associated teenagers.
With this type of public costs, not only the direct family but even the public is affected by the huge costs involved in unwanted teenage pregnancy, since it leads to health risks like poor physical and mental health, poor developmental and educational outcomes, and poor psychological well being among others. In some way or another, the whole nation is negatively affected when it comes to the problems brought by unintended teenage pregnancy. For 2004 alone, the total costs of teen childbearing in the United States resulted to as much as $9. billion worth of tax for numbers that could be measured by health departments and institutions (Hoffman, 2006, p. 1).
Therefore, to solve this problem means to be able to rip off the same amount per year from the total costs of teen childbearing to the public. Descriptive Research One study published by The National Campaign and the Association of Reproductive Health Professionals is the one entitled “Providers’ Perspectives: Perceived Barriers to Contraceptive Use in Youth and Young Adults,” which shows a total of six barriers that are most common on why there are unintended pregnancies among youths in the United States.
Based on the study, the six most prevalent reasons why unwanted teenage pregnancies occur is because of the six barriers to contraception that are the following: first is insufficient contraceptive education and training; second are the insufficient opportunities on continuing education regarding contraceptive methods; third are the high cost and complicated measures attached to offering contraception; fourth is the lack of consumer information regarding the importance and effect of using contraception and other means of birth control; fifth is the quick shift that has been happening concerning the traditional gender roles and the role of sex in a community or a relationship; and last but not the least is the worsening degree of chaos in the lives of many teenagers nowadays, and one that is not conducive to careful family planning (The National Campaign and Association of Reproductive Health Professionals, 2008, pp. 1-19).
These spell out the basic reasons on why unintended births among teenagers occur nowadays, worsened by the fact that there are other reasons why unintended births occur in adolescents of today, such as inactivity in terms of religious or community affairs. This study of The National Campaign and the Association of Reproductive Health Professionals (2008) leads to the conclusion that failure on the proper or correct use of contraceptives is among the most basic reasons why unintended births occur among teenagers nowadays. It explains the most prevalent situation that can be witnessed in American societies at this day and age, and tries to lay out the facts on why unintended teenage pregnancies had taken a major shift to the increase in unintended births as of 2004.
This aids our understanding of the problem by pointing out one significant matter: that contraceptives carry one of the most effective means of controlling births among teenagers of our time. From this paper I learned that sometimes, the most effective solution to a problem is something that has been available in the community for many decades. Failure to use it as extensive and as successful as possible only comes from the failure to administer the correct approaches and propaganda that are attached to the scheme. Lack or misplacement of funds is also among the key issues when it comes to cases that appear to be on the worse. What is not included in the paper, however, is to what percentage the failure to use contraceptives able to affect the numbers of unintended pregnancies among teenage mothers.
It has been stated that “over 1 million unintended pregnancies a year are related to OC [oral contraceptives] use, misuse, or discontinuation” (NC & ARHP, 2008, p. 3). However, the numbers only relate to women as a whole and not specifically to teenage mothers. Prior Solution One prior approach that has been used only recently to solve the problem of teenage pregnancies has been witnessed at the Gloucester High of Massachusetts. Based on the article presented at Time Magazine and written by Kathleen Kingsbury (2008), there were a total of 17 girls at the school who were expecting babies this year, which was “more than four times the number of pregnancies the 1,200-student school had last year” (Kingsbury, 2008).
Apart from movies about teenage moms that became hit, such as ‘Juno’ and ‘Knocked Up’, students who were no older than 16 years old formed a pact that they would form and raise their babies together, and many believed that the reasons behind it go much deeper. Easier access to birth control, as well as, prescriptions to contraceptives spelled out the solution. Research has been undertaken to evaluate the solution. To add up to the implementation of sex education that appeared to be futile given the state nowadays, easier access to birth control methods, as well as, free prescriptions to contraceptives came from the study that this solution has the ability to decrease the number of unintended births among teenagers.
It has become a common practice in the 15 public high schools in Massachusetts (Kingsbury, 2008), and has become quite useful and valuable in preventing teenage pregnancies. What makes it ineffective or incomplete, however, is the fact that many parents react negatively to this solution methods about giving out contraceptives and birth control pills to their sons and daughters. The situation has more to do with culture than with science. New Research Going over the incident at Gloucester High of Massachusetts, one significant study that would relatively decrease the number of teenage pregnancies has something to do with the possible reasons on why students, especially the young women, would want to have babies despite their early age.
Something tells Gloucester High that the reason for the pact was more than just a play thing. There is something else that the students would want to achieve or attain, especially that this city containing a population of approximately 30,000 merely depended on the fishing industry, which has declined in the past years (Kingsbury, 2008). Families were depending on jobs overseas that had led to broken families and weaker moral and ethnic values. According to school superintendent Christopher Farmer, “Families are broken. Many of our young people are growing up directionless” (Kingsbury, 2008). By this, it would be interesting to study on whether or not pregnant young women below the age of 20 really chose to become pregnant.
If yes, then for what reasons had they chosen to become pregnant; however, if not, then by what reasons had they fallen on the trap of becoming pregnant? What were they trying to achieve during the times that they succumbed to vanity’s ill proposition? Were they pleased to know that they were pregnant? Or they simply accepted the fact that they were already pregnant? Thus, the group of people that I want to study about is centered on the young teenagers (i. e. , below 18 years old) who had become or about to become early mothers. By conducting this study, it would paint out the exact situation that was most prevalent on young teenagers who had become or about to become moms.
In the end, it would be evident as to whether free birth control methods are the exact solutions that would solve this case. After conducting this study, I expect to find that this has more to do with morality and that the teenagers indeed chose to become pregnant. It can also be related to culture and trend. New Solution If my presumption is correct and this has indeed, something to do with morality, culture, and trend, then a new solution that would be more useful in approaching the problem would be to conduct parent-to-adolescent education and seminars, centered on the theme of strengthening the relationship or the bond between parent and daughter or son.
This new solution would build on the moral and emotional characters of the persons involved, and would create a psychological fortification on the parents, the daughter, and the son. In incidents wherein the child had already been conceived or born, then this type of solution would also help the child, especially because children who are born from psychologically bothered parents tend to be psychologically disturbed as well. By using the proposed research, we would be able to spell out the reasons on why teenagers become pregnant and thus, be able to form out a new solution to the problem (not only for Gloucester High but for the society as a whole). There would be problems related to finance and social acceptance, but the strategy can work systematically if created or planned thoroughly.