Sigmund Freud was the founder of the psychoanalytic method of psychiatry. An Australian neurologist, Freud was notable for his theories of the unconscious mind. He also had a theory about one’s sexual desire as the principal motivational energy behind the human life. He also had his view about the mechanism of repression as well as concepts about free association, theory of transference and interpretations of one’s dreams (Steadman, 2006).
Freud developed and introduced the Freudian psychology or better known as psychoanalysis. This type of psychology primarily focused on the study of one’s psychological behavior and functioning (Freud, 1995). Psychoanalysis is an organized set of principles and theories pertaining to human behavior. Another application of this psychology is as a means of treatment for emotional or psychological illnesses. Through psychoanalysis one’s mind and how he/she thinks can be investigated upon.
Sigmund Freud was well known for his idea of the unconscious and conscious mind. He explained that the conscious mind is what an individual is aware or responsive of at a certain moment. This includes one’s thoughts, memories, perceptions, feelings, and fantasies at a particular moment. The unconscious mind on the other hand includes those that are not simply available to one’s awareness or responsiveness. These are the individual’s instincts or drives, or emotions and memories that are connected with trauma.
The unconscious mind according to Freud is the basis of a person’s motivations (e. g sex). Some of Sigmund Freud’s ideas have been modified and some have been criticized. Modern advances in psychology have proved that his theories had flaws in understanding the human mind. Nonetheless, Freud’s ideas and theories are continuously influencing the present fields of social sciences, humanities, and psychology. He is still regarded to be one of the most distinguished and renowned thinkers.